India is a democratic country and more than 1000's of caste are living together in india
Definition of Brahmin
Brahmins are said to occupy the highest position among the four varnas of Hinduism. The word brahmin is come form of the Sanskrit word Brāhmana; (Brahman also refers to the supreme self in Hinduism).
It is a misconception that brahmins are only priests.Only a subsect of brahmins were involved in the priestly duties. They also took up various other professions since late vedic ages like doctors, warriors, writers, poets, land owners, ministers, etc.
Parts of India were also ruled by Brahmin Kings. From Vedic times on, the Kings acted in close relationship with Brahmins and relied on them as their advisors, the Brahmins had become a powerful and influential group in India, and were known for discriminating against 'lower' castes.
The history of the Brahmin community in India begins with the Vedic religion of early Hinduism, now often referred to by Hindus as Sanatan Dharm.The Vedas are the primary source of knowledge for brahmin practices. Most sampradayas of Brahmins take inspiration from the Vedas.
In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmins accounted for 4.32% of the total population. Brahmins even in Uttar Pradesh, where they were most numerous, constituted just 12% of the recorded population. In Andhra Pradesh, they formed less than 6%,Tamil Nadu they formed less than 3% and in Karnataka, less than 2%. In Kerala, Nambudiri Brahmins make up 0.7% of the population.
Definition of Brahmin
The Brahmin castes may be broadly divided into two regional groups: 1.)Pancha-Gauda Brahmins and 2.) Pancha-Dravida Brahmins from South of Vindhya mountains as per the shloka, however this sloka is from Rajatarangini of Kalhana which is composed only in 11th CE.
Pancha Gauda Brahmins(Panch Gaur) : (1) Saraswat, (2) Kanyakubja, (3) Maithil Brahmins, (4) Gauda brahmins, and (5)Utkala Brahmins . In addition, for the purpose of giving an account of Northern Brahmins each of the provinces must be considered separately, such as, Kashmir, Nepal, Uttarakhand, Himachal, Kurukshetra, Rajputana, Uttar Pradesh, Ayodhya (Oudh), Gandhar, Punjab, North Western Provinces and Pakistan, Sindh, Central India, Trihoot, Bihar, Orissa, Bengal, Assam, etc. The originate from south of the (now-extinct) Saraswati River.
Pancha Dravida Brahmins Paara Thrivikraman Namboothiri, Head Priest of Guruvayoor Temple in Kerala, 1960's Panch Dravida : 1) Andhra, 2) Dravida, 3) Karnataka, 4) Maharashtra and Konkon, and 5) Gujarat.
Brahmin Gotra List
Definition of Brahmin
During the history of politics and the Indian independence movement Mangal Pandey, Nana Sahib Peshwa, Rani Laxmibai Tatya Tope, Baikuntha Shukla, Chandrashekar Azad,and others were at the forefront of the struggle for freedom and later Indian politics. Shree Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India and Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, the first Vice President of India, were coming from Brahmins Community. Shree Indira Gandhi, Morarji Desai, P.V. Narasimha Rao and Atal Behari Vajpayee were also coming from Brahmin Community.
In sports,Sachin Tendulkar, Sunil Gavaskar, Ravi Shastri, Saurav Ganguly, Anil Kumble, Rohit Sharma,Rahul Dravid, VVS Laxman, and many more the world chess champion Vishwanathan Anand.All are Brahmins.
Brahmin saints include Adi Shankaracharya, Dnyaneshwar, A.C.Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Ramakrishna Paramhansa, and Ramana Maharshi. Modern business leaders founder of Infosys, N.R.Narayana Murthy, Several notable names in Indian classical music belong to the Brahmin community, such as Bhimsen Joshi, Pandit Ravi Shankar, M. S. Subbulakshmi, Veena Doreswamy Iyengar, Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna (popularly Dr. Balamurali Krishna), Pandit Jasraj, Shivkumar Sharma etc. All are Brahmins.
Famous Brahmin Personality
Adi Shankara was an Indian philosopher who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta, a sub-school of Vedanta. His teachings are based on the unity of the soul and Brahman, in which Brahman is viewed as without attributes.
Anil Kumble is a former Indian cricketer. He is a right-arm leg spin bowler and a right-hand batsman. He is currently the leading wicket-taker for India in both Test and One Day International matches. At present he is the third highest wicket-taker in Test cricket and one of only three bowlers to have taken more than 600 Test wickets.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee is an Indian statesman, who served as the eleventh Prime Minister of India. After a brief stint as Prime Minister in 1996, Vajpayee headed a coalition government from March 19, 1998 until May 19, 2004. He served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from Lucknow until 2009, and has since retired from active politics.
Chandrashekhar Sitaram Tiwari, better known as Chandrasekhar Azad is one of the most important Indian revolutionaries, and is considered the mentor of Bhagat Singh.
Sourav Chandidas Ganguly is a former Indian cricketer, and captain of the Indian national team. Born into an affluent family, Ganguly was introduced into the world of cricket by his elder brother Snehashish. He started his career by playing in state and school teams. Although his playmanship was appreciated, he was only mildly successful and was condemned as being arrogant.
Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian statesman who was the first, and is to date the longest-serving, prime minister of India, having served from 1947 until 1964. A leading figure in the Indian independence movement, Nehru was elected by the Congress party to assume office as independent India's first Prime Minister, and later when the Congress won India's first general election in 1952. As one of the founders of the Non-aligned Movement, he was also an important figure in the international politics of the post-war era. He is frequently referred to as Pandit Nehru ("pandit" meaning 'scholar' or 'teacher') and, specifically in India, as Panditji.
Mangal Pandey was a sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Regiment of the Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) of the English East India Company. He is widely seen in India as one of its first freedom fighters. The Indian government has issued postage stamps commemorating him as freedom fighter and his life and actions have been adapted to the silver screen.
Morarji Ranchhodji Desai was an Indian independence activist and the Prime Minister of India from 1977-79. He was the first Indian Prime Minister who did not belong to the Indian National Congress. He is the only Indian to receive the highest civilian awards from both India and Pakistan, the Bharat Ratna and Nishaan-e-Pakistan.
Nagavara Ramarao Narayana Murthy better known as N. R. Narayana Murthy, is an Indian industrialist, software engineer and the founder of Infosys Technologies, a global consulting and IT services company based in India.
Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Raowho was commonly known as P. V. Narasimha Rao, served as the 10th Prime Minister of the Republic of India.
Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar is an Indian cricketer widely regarded as one of the greatest batsmen in the history of cricket. He is the leading run-scorer and century maker in Test and One Day International cricket.Tendulkar was the only player of the current generation to be included in Bradman's Eleven.He is sometimes referred to as Little Master or Master Blaster.
Sunil Manohar Gavaskar is a former cricketer who played during the 1970s and 1980s for Bombay and India. Widely regarded as one of the greatest opening batsmen in test match history, Gavaskar set world records during his career for the most runs and most centuries scored by any batsman. He held the record of 34 Test centuries for almost two decades before.
Pandurang Shastri also known as ‘Dada-ji’ which literally translates as elder brother in Marathi, was a Indian philosopher, spiritual leader, social reformer and Hinduism reformist, who founded the Swadhyay Movement and the Swadhyay Parivar organization (Swadhyay Family) in 1954, a self-knowledge movement based on the Bhagavad Gita, which has spread across nearly 100,000 villages in India, with over 5 million members. He was also noted for his discourses or "pravachans" on Srimad Bhagawad Gita and Upanishads.
Narshin Mehta - Based on the historical and literary traces it can be said surely that Narsinh was born in Talaja, Bhavnagar District of Saurashtra, in Nagar community. Narsinh Mehta also known as Narsi Mehta or Narsi Bhagat was a poet-saint of Gujarat, India, notable as a bhakt, an exponent of Hindu devotional religious poetry. He is especially revered in Gujarat, where he is acclaimed as its Adi Kavi. His bhajan "Vaishnav Jan To Tene Re Kahiye..." is Mahatma Gandhi's favorite and has become synonymous to him.
Veer Savarkar was an Indian revolutionary and politician, who is credited with developing the Hindu nationalist political ideology Hindutva. He is considered to be the central icon of modern Hindu nationalist political parties. Rightwing historians tag him as Indian Independence Movement activist.
Sudama Sudama was from a poor Brahmin family, while Krishna was from the royal family. But this difference in social status did not come in the way of their friendship. They lost contact over the years and while Krishna became a military leader and King of great repute at Dwaraka, while Sudama stayed as a humble, and somewhat impoverished Brahmin living in a village.
Lata Mangeshkar is a singer from India. She is one of the best-known playback singers in the Hindi film industry. Mangeshkar's career started in 1942 and has spanned over six and a half decades. She sang in over a thousand Bollywood movies and has sung songs in over twenty regional Indian languages, but primarily in Hindi. She is the elder sister of the equally accomplished singer Asha Bhosle and lesser-known singers, brother Hridayanath Mangeshkar and sisters Usha Mangeshkar and Meena Mangeshkar. Lata is the second vocalist ever to have received the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.Mangeshkar was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records from 1974 to 1991 for having made the most recordings in the world.